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Towards to physiological status of soil microorganisms determined by RNA:dsDNA ratio

Loeppmann, S. and Semenov, M. and Kuzyakov, Y. and Blagodatskaya, E. (2017) Towards to physiological status of soil microorganisms determined by RNA:dsDNA ratio. In: Jahrestagung der DBG 2017: Horizonte des Bodens, 02.-07.09.2017, Göttingen.

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Abstract

Despite soil microorganisms spend most of their lifetime in a state of dormancy, they are quickly activated by substrate input and easily switch to growth. As both the dsDNA- and RNA- contents increase during microbial growth, the RNA:dsDNA ratio reflects a promising predictor, whether the response of a microbial community to environmental changes is due to an increase in population (by dsDNA) or due to an increase in activity (by RNA). This prediction of the RNA:dsDNA ratio can be accomplished by the comparison of microbial incubation approaches with and without addition of easily available substrates. We exhibited the RNA:dsDNA ratios for four contrasting soil types during substrate-induced growth. Overall, after glucose addition, a strong increase of dsDNA and RNA contents were determined in most of the soil types during 72 h of incubation. Furthermore, we identified distinct temporal soil-specific RNA:dsDNA patterns. The dsDNA- and RNA-contents yielded 26–174 and 0.3–30 µg g-1 soil, respectively. The soil texture was strongly associated with the reduction of RNA recovery, by means of an exponential decrease of RNA-content with increasing clay content. The lower RNA recovery in virgin and arable Chernozem (>30%) compared to soil types with lower clay contents (<17% for Retisol, Luvisol and Calcisol) suggests, that the undercount of RNA yields in clayey soils biased the RNA:dsDNA ratio, and subsequently the physiological state of the microbial community is not adequately represented in soils with clay contents exceeding 30%.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Contribution to "Reports of the DBG")
Uncontrolled Keywords: Umwelteinflüsse auf Funktion und Diversität von Bodenorganismen
Divisions: Kommissionen > Kommission III: Bodenbiologie und Bodenökologie
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email dbg@dbges.de
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2018 21:24
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2018 21:24
URI: http://eprints.dbges.de/id/eprint/1604

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