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Stable hydrogen isotope ratios in soil organic matter

Kessler, A. and Merseburger, S. and Oelmann, Y. and Wilcke, W. (2017) Stable hydrogen isotope ratios in soil organic matter. In: Jahrestagung der DBG 2017: Horizonte des Bodens, 02.-07.09.2017, Göttingen.

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Abstract

Stable H isotope ratios are a promising indicator of OM transformation processes (Schimmelmann et al., 2006). δ2H values of bulk organic matter and of specific organic compounds can be used as ecological tracer and forensic tool if the proportion of H that readily exchanges with ambient moisture is accounted for (Wassenaar & Hobson, 1998). There are a few reports about the H isotope ratios in plant-soil systems illustrating that there is little knowledge of the controls of the isotopic composition of the non-exchangeable H fraction of bulk OM (Schimmelmann et al., 2006; Ruppenthal et al., 2015). The increasingly closer relationship between δ2H values of rainfall and of non-exchangeable H in OM (δ2Hn) in the order, plant – plant litter (above- and belowground) – soil along a climatic gradient (Ruppenthal et al., 2015) suggests that decomposition influences δ2Hn values in OM in a systematic way. However, there are knowledge gaps concerning the fractionation factors and the extent of incorporation of ambient water-H into the nonexchangeable fraction of H in OM during decomposition. Our research will focus on the mechanisms responsible for the strong correlation between δ2H values in rainfall and δ2Hn values of SOM. Therefore, our study aims to investigate (1) the incorporation of ambient water-H into the nonexchangeable H fraction in OM during decomposition by heterotrophic bacteria as model organisms and quantify apparent fractionation factors, (2) the extent of incorporation of ambient water into the nonexchangeable H fraction of OM by the soil microbial community under laboratory conditions, and (3) the extent to which H is incorporated into nonexchangeable OM pool from ambient water during decomposition of aboveground litter under field conditions. We will work with microcosms using two bacteria species and determine decomposition rates of litter. Steam equilibration (Ruppenthal et al., 2015) and TC/EA-IRMS are used as analytical tools. We expect that different decomposition rates because of differences in litter quality will be reflected by the extent of H incorporation from ambient water into the nonexchangeable H fraction of the products. Additionally, different litter types enriched in 2H will be buried in soil of forest stands. We hypothesize that the incorporation of 2H-depleted ambient water into 2H-enriched nonexchangeable H fraction of OM will depend on litter type, soil moisture/ temperature, and the heterotrophic activity during the experiment.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Contribution to "Reports of the DBG")
Uncontrolled Keywords: Freie Themen
Divisions: Kommissionen > Kommission II: Bodenchemie
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email dbg@dbges.de
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2018 21:23
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2018 21:23
URI: http://eprints.dbges.de/id/eprint/1456

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